Humans, animals and even plants are made up of the smallest unit called “cell”, this small unit starts growing if the correct environment is provided, hence one single cell multiples itself and result in the formation of tissues which at the end forms the complete human body or the plant. Now the question arises, when everything is made up of this single unit called cell, then how they look different from each other? The answer to this question is that the cells found in humans, animals, and plants are totally different in shape and structure and therefore they look different. Not just the plant, animal, and human cells vary, the real fact is that even the cells of different body parts are also unique therefore every body part looks different and perform a unique function. Further, there are different types of cells and one of the very important types of cell found in the human body are Stem cells.
What are stem cells and their functions in the human body?
Stem cells are the cells found in the bone marrow and are responsible for cell multiplication, stem cells produce Red Blood cells, White blood cells, and platelets which help in building the immune system and helps the body stay fit. All these cells are formed in the bone marrow and with the blood flow these cells are transported or circulated in the whole body.
What happens when bone marrow gets damaged and how it gets damaged?
Although every body part is very important and there is none of the body parts we can compromise on, but if we talk about bone marrow it is one of the important parts of the body as it provides the body with the cells they need to perform the desired functionality. Once the bone marrow is damaged there is there will be no production of cells neither RBC nor WBC or platelets. Sometimes damage to the bone marrow may also lead to an irregular production of cells or unhealthy blood cells, which is not good for the body. Usually, the reason behind damaged bone marrow is few of the diseases like Hodgkin’s Lymphoma, Leukemia, aplastic anemia, myeloma etc. There are a lot of Best hospitals for allogeneic bone marrow transplant India, which is one of the treatments for the damaged bone marrow.
Cancer is one of the major cause of damaged bone marrow, in the past few years, there has a been a rapid rise in the number of people dying because of bone marrow cancer, although this is not a non-curable disease the treatment is not easy. The right treatment can help the patient but for that early diagnosis is important. With the awareness among the people about different types of cancer, now the doctors have found a lot of treatment to save people from this deadly disease.
If a person is diagnosed with damaged bone marrow, today the doctors can easily transplant the bone marrow, but what is important in case of transplant is the donor should have a good immune system and hence can help the patient to have a good immune system too. Hence one can get the best treatment from allogeneic bone marrow transplant hospital in India.